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|12th March 2006, 20:46||#1|
Join Date: Dec 2005
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Formula 1 Engine & Gearbox Specs.
The engine and transmission of a modern Formula One car are some of the most highly stressed pieces of machinery on the planet, and the competition to have the most power on the grid is still intense. Traditionally, the development of racing engines has always held to the dictum of the great automotive engineer Ferdinand Porsche that the perfect race car crosses the finish line in first place and then falls to pieces. Although this is no longer strictly true - regulations now require engines to last more than one race weekend - designing modern Formula One engines remains a balancing act between the power that can be extracted and the need for just enough durability.
Engine power outputs in Formula One racing are also a fascinating insight into how far the sport has moved on. In the 1950s Formula One cars were managing specific power outputs of around 100 bhp / litre (about what a modern 'performance' road car can manage now). That figure rose steadily until the arrival of the 'turbo age' of 1.5 litre turbo engines, some of which were producing anything up to 750 bhp / litre. Then, once the sport returned to normal aspiration in 1989 that figure fell back, before steadily rising again. The 'power battle' of the last few years saw outputs creep back towards the 1000 bhp barrier, some teams producing more than 300 bhp / litre in 2005, the final year of 3 litre V10 engines. From 2006, the regulations require the use of 2.4 litre V8 engines, with power outputs likely to fall around 20 percent.
Revving to over 19,000 RPM a modern Formula One engine will consume a phenomenal 650 litres of air every second, with race fuel consumption typically around the 75 l/100 km (4 mpg) mark. Revving at such massive speeds equates to an accelerative force on the pistons of nearly 9000 times gravity. Unsurprisingly, engine failure remains one of the most common causes of retirement in races.
Modern Formula One engines owe little except their fundamental design of cylinders, pistons and valves to road-car engines. The engine is a stressed component within the car, bolting to the carbonfibre 'tub' and having the transmission and rear suspension bolted to it in turn. Therefore it has to be enormously strong. A conflicting demand is that it should be light, compact and with its mass in as low a position as possible, to help reduce the car's centre of gravity and to enable the height of rear bodywork to be minimised.
The gearboxes of modern Formula One cars are now highly automated with drivers selecting gears via paddles fitted behind the steering wheel. The 'sequential' gearboxes used are very similar in principle to those of motorbikes, allowing gearchanges to be made far faster than with the traditional ‘H’ gate selector, with the gearbox selectors operated electrically. Despite such high levels of technology, fully automatic transmission systems, and gearbox-related wizardry such as launch control, are illegal - a measure designed to keep costs down and place more emphasis on driver skill.
Transmissions bolt directly to the back of the engine and incorporate a torque-biasing differential that works in conjunction with the electronic traction control systems to ensure the maximum amount of power is applied to the road. After several years of six-speed gearboxes, most of the grid are now running seven-speed units.
Mindful of the massive cost of these ultra high-tech engines, the FIA introduced new regulations in 2005 limiting each car to one engine per two Grand Prix weekends, with ten-place grid penalties for those breaking the rule. Current FIA proposals for 2008 onwards suggest even stricter controls, with engines required to last three events and transmissions four.
|12th March 2006, 21:02||#2|
Join Date: Jun 2004
Location: Turin, Italy
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same question as the one for Formula 1 tyres.
Isnt this thread in the wrong section?? and was this article taken off some website?? If yes....could i have the link? so I could do some more research on formula 1 cars.
|12th March 2006, 22:22||#4|
Senior - BHPian
Join Date: Mar 2004
Location: Mumbai, India
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Note from the Team-BHP Support Staff : This topic has been moved to the appropriate section.
We thank you for your thread, and would appreciate you taking the effort to post in the correct section.
Do make sure that you provide the references/original source for every piece of material that has been taken from another website/publication, to give credit to the original author.
|13th March 2006, 10:46||#5|
Join Date: Feb 2004
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|14th March 2006, 13:09||#6|
Join Date: Sep 2005
Thanked: 6 Times
What technology and money can do!
I watched the F1 race this weekend and caught onto something - the cars are powered by 2.4L engines!!!
Commercial cars in India that use 2.4L engines:-
Honda Accord - 142bhp
Hyundai Sonata - 165bhp
Toyota Camry - 167bhp
Did some search on the net - in the US, the dodge/chrysler (PT cruiser) etc. have a 2.4L engine that produces 215-235bhp (0-60 in 6 secs) with a turbo version that produces 300bhp!
The F1 cars run either V8 or V10 engines running @ 20K rpm and producing 750+bhp!
Its amazing how technology and money can bring out a range of power - from 140bhp to 800 bhp with the same capacity..
|14th March 2006, 13:36||#7|
Join Date: Mar 2006
Location: new delhi / pune
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ohh yes ... its the ultimate in engine technology
quite amazing you have to admit
last year the F1 engines were 3.0 L V10's which produced 900+ bhp
this year they have been reduced to V8's with Variable valve timing technology not being allowed ... still 750+ bhp
the V10's being used this year are restricted engines so that they dont have an adv over the smaller V8's
Honda is said to have the most powerful engine this year , but in F1 there's more to it than power.
talking about the F1 season,
Cheers for Kimi ... its sad how his car fails so often ... hope it dsnt in the rest of the races
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