This thread is dedicated to scale models of aircrafts and ships, both civil and military. The models could be die cast, plastic-resin, wood or whatever else so long as they are scale models. As far as possible please add a few lines on the aircraft. In case it is a specific tail number with a history you know of then sharing that will liven this thread. Speaking for myself I acquire these models at a slow steady pace going for aircraft and tail numbers that had a meaningful historic significance. Some models were bought off the shelf at shops while others were custom built. The one's I get custom made are always either linked to Indian aviation, the IAF or my own business. Air India's L-749 Malabar Princess
My favourite model is the Lockheed Constellation L-749 of Air India International named Malabar Princess. The first international flight by an Indian carrier was undertaken by this aircraft, Bombay-London in 1948 with Capt. KR Gazder in command. Sadly this aircraft was lost, in 1950, in a crash in the Alps near Mt. Blanc.
Note the constantly varying diameter of the fuselage. This was so to reduce drag. While it gave the 'Connie' a gracious look it made internal cabin arrangements less optimal. One learning from this is the straight tube fuselages we see in all airliners today. The 22 feet high triple tail was so designed for both stability, greater control and to keep the tail height low enough to enter hangars then in use. The 123 feet wing span carried about 20,000 litres of fuel. Don't miss the tri-colour on the centre tail fin.
Note the 4 Wright turbo-compound piston radial engines each of which delivered 2500 hp and drove the 15 foot diameter props. The Constellation had a large flight deck crew - Capt, co-pilot, flight engineer, navigator and radio operator. When flying over the north pole two navigators was the norm.
Attention to detail right down to the name. This is a 1:144 die-cast scale model by Corgi brought out in 1998 on the 50th anniversary of the first flight. Wing Span is about 10" and length a little over 8".
The Malabar Princes in real life
The Constellation L-749 cruised at ~500 kmph carrying 40 to 60 passengers (81 in all economy). The Air India planes were configured for 42 with reclining sleepers for all. The aircraft flew about 4000 kms at full payload. Introduced in the mid-1940s soon after WW2 the Constellation was the first commercial airliner to be pressurized to fly above the weather, to be properly air conditioned and to be fitted with sound insulation that actually worked. At just under 100 feet in length and a wing span of 120 feet it was a big big aircraft for its time. The L-749 and its follow on the Super Constellation were synonymous with international flying till 1958. Messerschmitt Me 262
The Me 262 was the world's first jet fighter to enter series production and the first to see combat in World War 2. A marvel of engineering for the 1940s. It out flew and out climbed anything the Allies had. In one incident in 1944 six Me 262s shot down 15 American 4-engined bombers in 15 minutes for no loss to themselves.
It was powered by two Junkers Jumo turbojets providing a total of 1800 kgf of thrust and a top speed of 900 kmph. This made it about 180 to 200 kmph faster than the fastest allied piston engined fighters of the era. Armed with four 30mm cannons it downed 542 Allied aircraft in the last 10 months of the war. The model shows the streamlined airframe, the two jets slung under the wings, the four cannons on the nose and the high tail (to avoid being affected by the jet's efflux).
This is a 1:48 die cast scale model.
The Germans built about 1430 of these sleek machines despite the shortages of materials in WW2. The Allies, after victory, carted away dozens of Me262s to examine and test and then use as the basis to improve their own more nascent fighter jet designs. Fuel burn at full throttle was about 41 kgs a minute.
The model is based on a real Me 262 now at the RAF Museum in Hendon, England. Note the colour band on the rear fuselage and the number 4. I do not know the history behind this particular airframe. de Havilland Comet 4
The de Havilland Comet is assured a place in aviation history as the first commercial jet airliner to go into production and regular service in 1952 - 6 years ahead of the vaunted Boeing 707. By flying at ~840 kmph instead of 500-550 kmph it cut journey times and more importantly got rid of the significant noise and vibrations that accompanied piston engine air travel. This beautiful and graceful airliner was a decade ahead of its time and sadly suffered 4 instances of aircraft disintegrating in mid-flight. This led to its grounding. Extensive research discovered problems with metal fatigue and need for superior aluminum alloys. The result was the Comet 4 shown below which entered service in end-1958. Boeing and McDonnell Douglas both gained from the pioneering research done by the British and came out with their Boeing 707 and Douglas DC-8 and captured the jetliner market. The de Havilland Aircraft Company got absorbed into Hawker Siddley in 1960 and disappeared.
Note the slender streamlined airframe and the gentleness with which the wings blend into the fuselage. This particular aircraft G-APDB made aviation history when it flew the first trans Atlantic passenger service of any jet airliner from New York to London on 4th October 1958. Pan Am caught up, a month later, with the inauguration of their Boeing 707 flight on the same route. Note the radio aerial wire strung over the top of the fuselage.
Photo shows to good effect the 4 Rolls Royce Avon turbojets each belting out around 4750 kgf at full power. The engines were buried in the wing roots to reduce drag. Though this position is not useful for maintenance. Back in the 1946 when design work on the Comet started it was not still clear which was the best configuration to place a jet power plant on a commercial airliner. The current almost usual practice of slinging them below the wing was still a few years away. Interestingly the world's second (and very successful) jet airliner the Tupolev Tu-104 also had engines buried in the wing roots.
This model is made of plastic-resin and is about 18" long with the wing span spreading to 19". The Comet was the first civilian airliner to sport swept back wings which are compatible with the higher speeds jet propulsion is capable of. The Comet in its prime carried 56 passengers and flew at around 850 kmph much like a modern airliner. The bulbs you see on the wings are long range fuel tanks.
The real G-APDB in flesh. In 1974 it was retired and is now in a museum in the UK. Caravelle VI.N
The French Sud Aviation Caravelle was the western world's first 'regional jet'. It was the western world's second jet to enter service (after the Comet). The French were careful to observe and learn the lessons from the de Havilland Comet's tragedy and subsequent findings. While the Americans went for developing the large jets for the international routes the French sensibly aimed for the short to medium range market and captured it. The Caravelle was built in many variants of weight, engine power and fuselage length. The VI.N was one of the most popular versions. A total of 282 were built - a respectable number for the 1950s and 60s.
Note the similarity of the nose to that of the Comet above. Sud Aviation licensed the design of the nose and cockpit layout from de Havilland. The Caravelle was as beautiful as the Comet and better proportioned. Sud Aviation chose the then new engine layout of mounting the power plant on the rear fuselage. This successful layout was copied by several other American, Russian, Dutch and British medium airliner jets that came into service in the 1960s and 1970s. One reason for this rear engine layout was to reduce noise in the passenger cabin. Early jets were far more noisy than today's turbofans and cabin noise was an important issue to address. Sud Aviation later morphed along with others into today's Airbus company.
The Caravelle first flew in 1955 and entered service with Air France in 1959. Note the slightly swept wings that gave the aircraft a cruise speed of 780 kmph powered by its two Rolls Royce Avon turbojets delivering a total of ~11,000 kgf of thrust. These were derivatives of the engine that powered the Hawker Hunter fighter of the 1950s and 1960s. To watch a Caravelle take off was a challenge to the ears - the equivalent of two roaring fighter jets taking off together.
The Caravelle had large tear drop shaped windows which were much larger than the liner ones we are used to today. This design was retained in all versions. The airliner seated between 80 to 100 passengers. Indian Airlines operated seven Caravelles. The seat pitch ie distance between seats was typically 37" which is comfortable when compared to the 30" to 33" used on most single aisle aircraft today. This is a 1:72 scale model made of plastic resin. Note the air intake opening at the base of the vertical tail - that's the intake for the auxiliary power unit. Note also the small vertical fittings on the wings. Those are wing fences to improve the 'grip' of the airflow of the aerofoil. This model is about 19" in length.
The real F-BYCY. It is today preserved in France and operates as a karoke bar! ATR 42
This is an aircraft most Team BHPians would be familiar with - the ATR. It is common in India being operated by Jet Airways, Air India and the erstwhile Kingfisher. It is a commuter turbo prop for short hops. The ATR 42 shown here seats between 40 to 50 passengers. Other than passenger there are other variants -cargo, VIP, geological survey and so on. The ATR 42 entered service in 1985 and along with its longer cousin the ATR 72 about 500 have been produced and production is in full steam 30 years on of a gradually improved product. A successful transport plane.
If you visit ATR's assembly plant in Toulouse (or one of their offices I suppose) they gift you a model of their product. If you are a biiiiiiggg customer you get a 24" scale model. If you are a sidekick you get a 12" one. And if, like me, you are the lowest form of avian life you get a 9" one. This one is 9 inches.
The ATR is powered by two Pratt & Whitney turbo props generating between 2100 to 2700 shp depending on the variant. The props these days are made of composites with complex twists and turns on all three axis. These 6 blade screws are more efficient and quieter than the simpler three blade ones you see on the Constellation above.
That's five models for now. More a little later as this thread develops. BHPians are invited to share their scale models of aircraft and ships along with a description/history of the machine.